How Climate Change Affect Our Future Kids by Sabrina Wilsdon

Interviews question

1 Do you think the climate is changing?

I ask my dad and he said yes – I am sure it is changing .

2 How do you think it is changing?

  • Is it getting warmer
  • Are there more storms

I ask my dad and he said is getting warmer and the weather is changing – some places are dryer and some are wetter and storms are getting bigger .

3 What are the causes of climate change?

  • Humans burning oil?
  • Natural cycles

I ask my dad and he said human beings are burning oil- so much oil that greenhouse gases are trapping  heat from the sun .

4 What are the result of climate change

-Ice melt and oceans rises

-Fires are getting bigger

-harder to grow food

– drought (no rain)

I ask my dad and he said ice caps are melting causing the sea level to rise which is flooding people’s houses and building.  Also drought making it hard for people’s and animal’s to have food. Also bigger storms are damaging property and killing people’s and animal’s.

5 How can we stop climate change?

  • Drive an electric car charged from solar panels or wind
  • Drive less or more efficient cars
  • Use less stuff- recycle
  • Compost

I ask my dad and he said Burn less oil by driving less, generating power with solar panels and wind, driving electric cars and most of all being more efficient.

6 How does climate change affect animals

Today?

  • Harder to get food because of drought
  • More because of change

I ask my dad and he said It’s destroying their habitat so they have to migrate adapt or die. Some can more adapt, but many will die.

7 Is it fair that animal’s have to more or suffer?

No- we the human beings can make changes and we must changes to protect the animal’s now! Act quickly!

8 Does the government have the job to try to stop climate change?

Yes because the people of the world are demanding it. We must all do what we can but we must also demand that the government do the things that they can to make changes.  

9 How important is it to you to try to stop climate change?

I ask my dad and he said It is the most important thing we can do as humans right now. We must do all we can to save the planet for the people and animals that will  come after us .

I will say it important to save the planet because it is the one plant we know.

Research Question – how climate change affect people and wildlife there is a climate change the paris agreement

According to Real Climate Global temperature goes from heat record to heat record, yet the sun is at its dimmest for half a century.  

According to National Geographic hundreds of birds are washing up dead in the Bering Sea . So the Tufted Puffins white-masked, orange- beaked seabirds from North America because of warm temperature the ocean food web has shifted which can destroyed the whole eco-system.   

According to National Geographic the tufted puffins started washing ashore on St. Paul Island in mid-October—first a handful, then dozens.  

According to National Geographic NOAA’s Southwest Fisheries Science Center in Santa Cruz, California, are in territory to what happening to the Tufted Puffins that are coming up to the land so the food web that makes it hard for the other animals too.

According to Dolphins- world wild dolphins face many natural dangers within the deep expanse of the ocean, however the most overwhelming threat to their existence is man.

According to Dolphins- world although some dolphin species are considered an endangered species, alarming statistics suggest that more and more dolphins are being killed by illegal dynamite fishing, being caught in fishing nets, collisions with boats and or propellers, marine pollution, disease and bleaching due to sonar interference than ever before.

According to Dolphin-world Research suggests that over 95% of dolphin deaths are directly attributable to man-related causes. According to Dolphin -world The capture and subsequent holding of dolphins in research and aquarium facilities is contributing to their deaths at an alarming rate.

According to Dolphin-world Researchers suggest that the capture process itself is resulting in an increased number of deaths among dolphins.

According to Dolphin- world the capture procedures, the transportation of the captured dolphins, the exposure to disease in captivity, are only some of the threats that dolphins face when they are taken from their natural environment.

According to Dolphin- world the increased popularity of swimming with dolphins programs have brought more and more dolphins into danger as their feeding and breeding areas are being invaded by tourists.

According to Dolphin- world since dolphins are at the top of the food chain, the impact of contamination is much higher as Dolphins eat fish and plants that may have been contaminated in different places, increasing the risk to themselves.

According to Dolphin- world  Noise pollution is also a great danger to dolphins in the wild. Activities like oil drilling, navigational sonars and even ship engines create continuous streams of underwater noise that can frighten, disorient or even injure the dolphins.

According to  Dolphin- world Besides, noise pollution force sometimes dolphins to move away from their feeding and breeding areas, causing different problems According to Dolphin-world  Another cause of death for the dolphins is the injuries suffered by the entanglement in cages, shark safety nets and fishing nets as well as collisions with ships and rotor blades.

According to Dolphin-world As we explore more and more the ocean and their “habitat”, we’re bringing the dangers to them.

According to Dolphin-world Despite that some dolphin species are considered an endangered species, some of them are still the target of sport fishing and they are often shot to reduce their presence in fishing areas or even for bait.

In addition to the threats introduced by men into their habitat, wild dolphins are also at the mercy of nature, as any other animal.

According to Dolphin- world Regardless they are at the top of the food chain, still they have to compete with sharks and toothed whales for food.

According to the effect of Global Warming or seasonal weather changes have caused the loss of food sources, impacting the survival rates of dolphins in the wild.

According to Dolphin- world the effect of Global Warming or seasonal weather changes have caused the loss of food sources, impacting the survival rates of dolphins in the wild.  

According to Tech Times the reasoning people think climate change is not- real is because nearly two-thirds or 63 percent of Americans think climate change is occurring. Around 52 percent think that if global warming is indeed happening, it is generally caused by humans. So the reasoning is because people don’t care about the world but themself and are education but don’t think it cause any issue /harm.

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The Looming Landslide by B.W.

When a massive landslide struck Malin, India on July 30, 2014, and buried 44 houses, left 151 dead, and over 100 people missing, the question arose if basic environmental standards had been employed. In the LA times, a closer investigation of the causes of the landslide pointed to a blatant disregard of a government classification of the area being “ecologically sensitive” and an issue of a ¨no development” policy. The area was a reported lumber sight, that, officially 28,000 trees were cut, but unofficially the estimate is closer to 300,000.

The company that was doing the cutting didn’t just cut down the trees. They were ground leveling, a process where the entire tree, root system and all was being removed. According to the LA Times, the amount of rainfall the people inhabiting this area saw in the days that followed the landslide was above average.  This factor, along with the tree removal that allowed the soil to be loose, resulted in this tragic landslide. There are many other cases like this listed on Wikipedia: Guatemala, casualties 220, Japan, casualties 50+, the list goes on. Environmental disasters do not just pertain to places like Malin, India, because all around the globe, people unwittingly put themselves and other creatures in danger by damaging the environment because there seems to be no long term effect.

Environmentally speaking, oil is one of the least eco-friendly sources of fuel. This was clearly shown when an estimated 206 million gallons of oil spilled into the Gulf of Mexico in 2010, reports Mother Nature Network (MNN), when an explosion on BP’s Deepwater Horizon rig that killed 11 people, and allowed an oil well to leak into the ocean. To put in perspective, that is 2,575,000 days of water use for the average person. This oil spill caused the death of thousands and thousands of marine and bird life. The estimated cleanup cost was around 34 billion dollars. 34 billion.

BP, the company responsible for this disaster, clearly did not think that something like this could ever happen. To prove this, MNN reports it took them 85 days to seal the leak. If BP had been focused on the possibility of something like this happening, it wouldn’t have taken nearly that long.

   BP’s oil spill shows on a large and palpable scale the impact that we as humans can unintentionally have on the environment. However, there is another much smaller, more unnoticeable cause that impacts the environment, on that many people use every day.

It uses BP’s oil. It’s cars.

There are 258 million cars in the United States alone. According to the EPA(Environmental Protection Agency), Greenhouse gasses trap heat and make the planet warmer. Human activities are responsible for almost all of the increase in greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere over the last 150 years. Transportation accounted for 26% of the total US greenhouse gasses released. The total emissions in 2014 in tons was 6,870 million.  That’s just the US.

This reliance on fossil fuels furthers the point that humans only are focused on the short-term effect of our actions. Why spend time investing into finding alternative energy sources when one can simply tap into the oil business?

However, this generalization is not all encompassing. There are those that have begun the long uphill battle to try and refocus efforts towards something far more sustainable. A company named Proton Power Inc. shines among them. Proton Power is a company that is researching the use of biomass to make inexpensive hydrogen, which can be converted into energy for uses such as: synthetic fuels, electricity and heat. Biomass is fuel that is developed from organic materials, and is a renewable and sustainable source of energy.

Sam Weaver, the founder of this company has been a successful entrepreneur for over four decades. When questioned to the reason that he founded this company his response was “only 20% of the world’s energy needs are being met” and that “we’ve got to go to a sustainable future.”

So all hope is not lost. With the movement for a better, cleaner tomorrow growing by the day, we can be hopeful that soon, a renewable source of energy will prevail over the shortsighted fossil fuels. However, if action is not taken soon, and we continue on our short-sighted track, a far more devastating global “landslide” is bound to occur, with far more catastrophe and casualties than that of the landslide in Malin, India.

The Smog Pit by D.S.

In a story on npr.org about Minhae Kim, a South Korean citizen and mother of a one year old, the young woman sits on a Yonghan family park bench. She is watching her young one play around happily while watching helplessly from the side. Her child has yet to find out about the dangerous environment she is and will be exposed to for her upbringing. It is spring now and the air pollution levels in Seoul have drastically increased to very unhealthy levels. Why not just stay inside and wait until the air is better? That’s the struggle that Minhae and her fellow countrymen face constantly. There is no better tomorrow. Sure there might be better days but in the big picture, everyday is a day of exposure no matter what. What most of the citizens of South Korea don’t take into account is the immense scale that their poor air quality is on and the dangers of this abundance. In fact, Yale University ranks South Korea near the very bottom of the list of 180 countries for air quality in the Environmental Performance Index. Normal do-good citizens like Minhae and their children are exposed extremely unhealthy levels of pollution every day of their lives. Children and elders are especially vulnerable because of their decreased ability to fight deadly diseases. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, myocardial infarction, lung cancer and asthma symptoms are just a few of the many side effects of long-term exposure to these harmful chemicals. Many South Koreans and their families-just like Minhae and her kid-will most likely experience one of these side effects sometime in their lives with constant exposure.

You might think that the most logical solution to this problem is to stop burning so many fossil fuels and cut down on car emissions but in fact, there might be no solution at all. This is because South Korea has practically no control over their excessive levels of harmful pollution. To get a better understanding of the situation threatening the peninsula, I decided to interview my dad who works as an atmospheric scientist for NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration), occasionally making trips to South Korean monitoring stations to take samples on air particles and pollution.

When asked about the origin of South Korea’s dangerous pollution levels, he said “The monitoring stations in Seoul have evidence to say that there is foreign pollution in the air. Due to the increased levels of human tracers such as combustion products (CO2, CO, black carbon particles) and sulfur and nitrogen species (eg., SO2, H2SO4, NOx gasses), it is assumed that manmade emissions from China have traveled eastward and have entered South Korea.”

This assumption has caused many South Koreans to point fingers at China for giving them the large burden they are continuously bearing. Of course China most likely has some contribution in the pollution found in South Korea, but a big issue that is utterly inevitable is a natural occurrence. A meteorological phenomenon called the “Asian Dust” (which is %100 confirmed) happens when desert sands from mainland deserts travel east across the sea and many of the particles settle in South Korea. With much experience and knowledge on this phenomenon, my dad had a some input to enhance the specifics of the whole situation.

“It has to do with meteorological conditions,’ he explained. ‘When heavy seasonal winds in the northern hemisphere pass west to east over asian deserts such as the Gobi and Taklamakan in northern and western china, the sand has nothing to hold itself in place and it gets entrained into the air stream which eventually takes it eastward, where some of the heavier particles are deposited in South Korea. When we measure the air particles in western Hawaii, we sometimes find very small asian dust particles that have traveled all the way across the Pacific Ocean.”

This is where the blunt of the problem comes from. During the spring and fall when seasonal winds are the strongest, not only do the man made emissions from big cities like Beijing and Shanghai travel east to South Korea but so do the desert sands from the greater asian deserts. A deadly mixture of pollution is a result of this that has confirmed side effects such as the ones I listed earlier.

According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Air Quality Index (AQI) there are 6 categories to separate air quality in given countries. It is measured in concentration of PM2.5 particles (particulate matter less than 2.5 microns in width) that are very dangerous to the health of the residents of the given area. The 6 groups are ranges of micrograms per cubic meter of air. Zero to 50 is considered “good”, 51-100 is considered “moderate”, 101-150 is considered “unhealthy for sensitive (elderly and children) groups”, 151-200 is considered “unhealthy”, 201-300 is considered “very unhealthy”, and 301-500 is considered “hazardous”.

According to the EPA Air Quality Index, the Yongsan district-the district holding residence to Mrs. Kim and her 1 year old child- had 6 months out of the year (March, April, May, August, October, and December) where the daily maximum micrograms of PM2.5 per cubic meter repeatedly reached the unhealthy level. According to the same AQI, the whole city of Seoul only had 44 days where PM2.5 concentration was in the “good” range. That is 224 less days in the “good” range than New York City, the most populated city in the United States.

The end to this problem is very complicated and the harsh reality will affect South Koreans and East Asian citizens in general who think the solution is feasible. A big group of South Koreans point fingers at China for their air quality issues and of course there is reasoning behind this given the devastating conditions in Beijing and Shanghai. However, you take Beijing, Shanghai, and any other Chinese cities out of the equation completely and there is still a major problem. As quoted by Dr. Jonathan Samet, an epidemiologist at the Institute for Global Health at the University of Southern California, “What you have is the combination of what is being generated within Seoul and within the broader, very industrial environment of Korea, added onto by transport of pollution from China.’ ‘So, yes, Koreans can point the finger at China — but you know it has to be pointed internally as well.”

The conclusion is that South Korea has a direct problem that will continue to face them for years to come, especially with the exponentially growing population; a problem that as of now is utterly unsolvable. One could only imagine what the rates of emigration from the smog ridden country will climb to in the coming future.

It is getting hot in here by M.M.

Dr Erik Meuleman is currently working for a small startup company that is based in Boulder Colorado. They employ 23 people  and are currently working on a Carbon capture project in Norway, a country that is world renowned for created new and better reusable energy sources that will make the planet healthier and survive longer. Dr Meuleman has been working in this field for several decades now and always for the government. He will now be continuing his work from the private sector. He believes that the work he is doing with this company is going to make a big difference in Carbon emissions projects around the world.  

Countries around the world have been polluting our atmosphere for decades but not many knew what greenhouse gasses were actually doing once they were emitted. These greenhouse gasses are being trapped in troposphere. This is the first layer of the atmosphere it extends 10 – 15km above the earth’s surface. It contains water vapor and Carbon Dioxide, the CO2 keep rises which creates a bigger cloud in the troposphere. Which is created the “greenhouse effect”. The “greenhouse effect” is the sun’s radiation being stopped by the water vapor and CO2 being reflected back to the earth’s surface instead of leaving our atmosphere.

Imagine that you are playing tennis and every ball that you hit another one is added. Every ball that you hit goes over the net but slowly over time a brick wall gets built behind the net and some balls come bouncing back. The more bricks that become part of the wall the more likely it is for for ball to come bouncing back at you.

It is widely believed that the majority of our CO2 emissions come from transportation and electricity and heat. This is true these two section make up a lot of our Carbon emissions but they are not to only big sectors that emit lots of Carbon Dioxide. The agricultural industry emits almost as much as the electricity and heat sector. This may come as a surprise because it is widely known that trees convert CO2 to O2 which we are capable of breathing. But livestock have to there daily judies and those are affecting global warming. Especially cows when they release on average 100 kg their bodily gases each year. These gases contain Methane a greenhouse gas similar to Carbon Dioxide. But the effects that it has on the atmosphere is 23 times worse. So releasing 100 kg of Methane is like releasing 2,300 kg of Carbon Dioxide. This value might mean nothing to you so let’s put it into other terms. 2,300kg of carbon dioxide is a 1,000 liters of petrol so with a car that drive 8 liters per 100km it could drive 12,500 km. The US food industry contributes nearly 20% of the carbon dioxide of the nation’s carbon footprint.

Every nation has a different Carbon footprint some are bigger than others this could be because of their population or they are just not carbon friendly.  China and the United States emit the most carbon dioxide by a big margin. China is releasing nearly 8000 tonnes of carbon per year and the United states is releasing 5000 tonnes of carbon per year. The country that emits the third most is india but they only release 1500 tonnes of carbon. The gap between second and third is way too big. The country’s GDP could have something to do with the amount of carbon they are releasing. China has a massive exportation market which is the big reason why their Carbon footprint is so high. America on the other high uses the car way too much taking it for little trips is carbon that doesn’t need to be emitted. There are countries that are working hard to become carbon neutral. This means is that all the carbon you emit into the air you can convert back to a better substance in most cases it will be O2. A country that is working hard is Denmark they are almost capable to live of the power they get from the wind turbines in the North sea.

A colleague of Dr Meuleman was in town from Denmark and was available to be asked a couple of questions about how Svalbard an island north of Norway near the arctic circle. Which has been affected by the results of climate change over the last few years. She told me that the glaciers have not been regrowing to their previous size and that part of the island has not been freezing which hinders residents from using their snowmobiles to get to hunting cabins or a quicker route to town. She also said that the Polar bears have been leaving their natural habitat in search for food. They have been seen eating the rubbish which surrounds the coast line. The polar bears are getting skinnier and when they have more than 3 young not all will survive the winter.

Trouble in Ethiopia by S.B.

First waking up hearing music and singing all around my open windowed room.  Walking into the kitchen witch has one light grabbing a bottle of water and moving on to to front door. As I exist I am greeted by two boys both of them unbelievably happy to see me. After they greet me we walked down the rickety road to where the music is. It was right next to the soccer field. Once the boys and I make it to the field. I see a group of men and women singing in a circle everyone with smiles on their faces. As soon as I notice them the see me as well and start dancing towards me as if to invite me to start dancing and having fun with them. But I went to go play soccer with all of the kids that were around my age. In the middle of the game we hear the lunch bell. So we walk over to where lunch is which is just a shack made out of mettle. When we get there lunch is beans and some rice each person gets half a cup of rice and half a cup of beans. When I was eating with all the kids I noticed that most of them were extremely malnourished. So from that day on I started to spend some of my own cash to try and help the (Tribe/Group). Even tho what I did wasn’t a lot of help it made a small change.

Why are a lot of people/children in Ethiopia that don’t get enough food. Usually it is due to the economy and the families are not making enough money to feed a family of 4 or 5. So this causes the kids not to be healthy. While researching writers said that if we start to support small farms that it would help create more job income for a small group of people which could help make the company into a bigger one so helping income grow. But as of right now “Most African farms are less productive than a U.S. farm was 100 years ago” (Renton). The thing that NGOs and the government are doing is working together so that the smaller farmers can get help and get some kind of help or funding towards helping them grow. As well as if people started focusing on veggies and not meet it could help the amount of food that is being used. “ Meat production is a wasteful use of the planet’s limited resources – even today, 40% of grain crops are going to feed livestock and fish. It is most inefficient with intensive beef farming, where it has been shown that just 2.5% of the feed given to cattle emerges as calories for our consumption” (The Guardian).

Creating change will be hard, Over 1 billion people in the world are starving or are hungry because they don’t have enough. Slowly we are helping fix the problem back in 2015, 111,072 received nutritional help, 175,084 people got access to safe drinkable water and sanitation and, 21,139 people have gained economic self sufficiency. That is around 307,300 people that get help even tho that is just 300,000 out of 93 million. Around 30% of the population is in need of help, that is around that’s around 400,000 or more people. Helping 300,000 is creating a much better country and world. that is a huge help and if the kids that I played soccer with get to go out and have food. They can grow up and get a job working and stay healthy and live a good life. A main reason why helping world hunger or even country hunger is that if you help 300,000 people and they have kids the kids will grow up more safe. With the kids growing up healthy then there will be population growth of healthy people. Which creates good resources.